source: anuga_core/documentation/planning/priorities.tex @ 4029

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1%FIXME: Take stuff from future_directions.txt and wiki
6\title{AnuGA Inundation Modelling Project - Planning and Priorities - Draft}
7\author{Ole Nielsen, Duncan Gray, Jane Sexton, Nick Bartzis,\\ Trevor Dhu, Neil Corby, Stephen Roberts, ...}
10\date{\today}             % update before release!
11                                % Use an explicit date so that reformatting
12                                % doesn't cause a new date to be used.  Setting
13                                % the date to \today can be used during draft
14                                % stages to make it easier to handle versions.
16%\release{1.0}                  % release version; this is used to define the
17                                % \version macro
19\makeindex                      % tell \index to actually write the .idx file
26The ANUGA inundation modelling project is a collaborative effort between
27 Geoscience Australia (GA) and the Australian National University
28 (ANU). GA is largely responsible for the software development,
29 applications to scenario and risk modelling projects as well as
30 contributions to the Australian National Research Priorities. 
31 ANU is mainly responsible for the mathematical and numerical modelling approach and the continued development of the model.
34 This
35 document outlines the agreed priorities for the inundation modelling
36 project predominantly seen from the GA perspective, but including the ANU where appropriate.
37 Priorities are organised into three separate streams focusing at the following objectives:
38 \begin{enumerate} 
39   \item Deliverables of specific case studies. These are typically
40   tasks that are requested by GA's clients.
41   \item Research topics that have emerged and would advance the
42   understanding of the science of hydrodynamic inundation
43   \item Development and maintenance issues that are necessary for the
44   continued health of the software itself.
46where the first is primarily resourced by Jane Sexton and Nick Bartzis, the second by Stephen Roberts and Ole Nielsen, while the third is the responsibility of Ole Nielsen and Duncan Gray. Significant overlaps are expected and names assigned to tasks are tentative only.
48Overarching these three streams is a fourth stream, management, which covers coordination of the FESA project and management of the inundation modelling team.
50\section*{Specific case studies (production)}
54The list in order of importance but subject to availability of
55topographic data and URS/MOST input is
58  \item Onslow, WA - end of June 07. This study mainly supports the
59    FESA funded WA study, but has synergies with projects in other
60    lists as well (Nick)
61  \item Port Hedland - end of June 06. Also part of the WA project. (Nick)
62  \item Dampier revisited for CIPMA - mid-November 2006
63  \item Broome - end of June 07
64  \item Perth - end of June 07
65  \item Busselton - end of June 07
66  \item Shark Bay using survey from 17th July 2006 - when time permits and data available.
67  \item Xmas & Cocos islands tide gauge validation - when time permits and data available..
68  \item Slide scenarios with data gained from the Continental Slope Survey; Wollongong, Sydney and Newcastle
69  \item NSW state study  (deferred until 2007 - Matt)
70  \item SE Qld study
71  \item Hobart (Oct 2006). Trevor Dhu has arranged for DPIW to provide bathymetric data to a 50m contour plus a 25m DEM.
72  Apparently, even better DEM data is available.
73  \item Other study areas may be identified when the national hazard map has been completed (expected
74within the next 12 months) and consultation has occurred with stakeholders.
76Given that the production line is in a start-up phase and the needs
77outlined in the research and development streams, only priority 1 to 3
78are guaranteed to complete before 30 June 2006. However, once
79streamlined, we expect a production rate of about one scenario per
80month (subject to availability of computational resources and data).
81A number of these studies may not be conducted by the team, however,
82our assistance will certainly be required.
85\item Complete Sydney (Benfield) project (Jane). Refinements have
86    included addressing water loss through the form of the surface
87    elevation function, boundary conditions, friction creep and issues
88    with ill-conditioned system as a result of a complex internal
89    polygon. Whilst a protection has been put in place for friction
90    creep, the issue is still outstanding. Final results will be
91    delivered to Benfield by Fri 28 April noting the friction issue
92    is still outstanding.
95\section*{Research topics}
97The list is
100  \item Sensitivity study using Onslow project (Nick, Jane, Ole)
101  The sensitivity to mesh resolution to be investigated. There are two aspects:
102  \begin{enumerate}
103    \item Resolution of triangles containing individual gauges. ANUGA
104    keeps track of the volume of water under each triangle. Pointwise
105    measurements away from triangle centroids may deviate
106    significantly from the true values due to the linear
107    reconstruction of triangle near steep bedslopes. One study would
108    provide an error estimate of the pointwise readings as a function
109    of resolution and slope.
110    \item How does resolution affect propagation of tsunami waves. One
111    could fix the resolution near gauges at selected points near and
112    on shore and vary resolution of bathymetry affecting the
113    approaching waves. Results reported as deviation at gauges as
114    function of bathymetric resolution upstream.
115  \end{enumerate}     
116  \begin{itemize}
117    \item Nick to do the runs 
118    \item Team to help setup the study and write document
119  \end{itemize}   
121  \item Validation:
122  \begin{itemize}
123    \item Onslow tide gauges (Ole with David Burbidge)
124      \begin{itemize}
125      \item Ole to get data and terms of reference
126      \item Nick to do the runs 
127      \item Team to help setup the study and write document   
128    \end{itemize} 
129    \item Boxing day event (ANU contract 2006/2007 with Asavanant and Grilli)
130    \item Friction validation (Duncan with Tom Baldock UQ)
131    Duncan to get a sense of scope on this by June 2006.
132    Work to be done in 2006/2007.
133    \item PDC (Ole)
134    Ole to visit Pacifit Disaster Center in 6/7
135    \item 1953 Suva data from Tariq (someone)
136    Date is available. Ole to arrange for unpacking with GIS and scope project.
137    Could form a graduate project.
138    \item Comparison to tsunami study in NZ where Mike 21 is used for inundation. Contact: Rick Liefting, Coastal Scientist, Tonkin and Taylor Limited,, Hamilton. Email:   
139  \end{itemize} 
140  \item Comparison of MOST and ANUGA over a stretch of deep water (some work done for Hobart scenario - Jane).
141  Also, where to pick up boundary condition (Nick).
142  \item Momentum sink study (Duncan with Nick Dando)
143  Report and talk by end of June 2006. Paper later.
144  \item Submarine landslide modelling paper with Dr Mueller or Russell Blong (Ask him),
145  Sydney (Jane, Ole, Adrian/Monica, Matt). Perhaps use Wollongong as the study area.
146  This has now become modelling of landslides identified by GA survey October 2006. Contact is Kriton Glenn. 
147  \item Probabilistic integration with URS model, pending URS data (Ole, Trevor). Duncan to write urs2sww for boundary conditions. Ole to ask PDC. 
148  \item Effect of the GBR based on new LADS data (which we need to get from Phil O'brien).
149        This could become a graduate program, an ANU contract or a job for an ANU summer scholar
150        (see graduate\_proposal\_GBR.doc).
151  \item Comparing calculated run-up height with Synolakis' approximation
152        ($R = A^\frac{4}{5} h^ \frac{1}{5}$ where $A$ is the amplitude at some offshore location
153         and $h$ is the depth at the same offshore location). Calculate the maximum elevation
154         at which there is water (completed 2006).
155  \item Incorporate asteroid model (parabolic cavity) as an initial condition into ANUGA.
156        Compare calculated extent with the approximation of
157        run-in (or maximum extent) from Chesley and Ward 2006 where the run-in distance is approximated
158        by $X \approx 10 \sqrt{g R} D^\frac{3}{8}$ where $R$ is the run-up height and $D$ is the
159        asteroid diameter. Allows another event to be added to the overall
160        tsunami risk assessment. This could become a graduate or student project (see graduate\_proposal\_asteroid.doc).
161  \item Investigate the topographic effect on water flow and the impact on hydrological hazard (as part of the CRA
162        with NSW DNR and SES in contributing to the vulnerability assessment). This could become a graduate
163        or student project (see graduate\_proposal\_topography.doc). This is now a contract between NSW DNR and SES
164        and University of Queensland (Tom Baldock).
166  \item Scenario database (future); this could complement the ATWS
167    operational centre. (how often would it need to be updated, i.e how
168    long will the results remain valid?  eg, effect of sediment transport
169    affecting local bathymetry, change in sea levels due to climate
170    change). This is a product for the ATWS, states and EMA. AGO may need
171    scenarios under climate change scenarios.
172  \item Automatic definition of mesh-resolution based on data (e.g. depth or gradients). Perhaps use wavelet transforms. Stephen has a link to a researcher at Imperial College, London.
173  \item Investigate behaviour near steep and shallow bathymetries, where artifitial fluxes may be generated. Now evolved into 'friction creep'.
174    Stephen to look into that with input from Ole.
175  \item Effect of debris on flow and damage (Under way at JCU - shawn)
176  \item Write ANUGA in term of latitudes and longitudes
177  \item Incorporate coriolis effect for large study areas
178  \item Revive storm surge model (Rosh DNR)
179  \item Riverine flooding (Rosh DNR)
180  \item Collaboration with Hans Peter ?? (Stephen Roberts)
181  \item Solution uncertainty (interaction with Hugh Durrant-Whyte and
182  Suresh Kumar from USyd)
184No more than priority 1-4 are expected to complete before 30 June 2006.
187\section*{Development and maintenance issues.}
189The list is
192  \item Bug fixing (see tickets in TRAC) - ongoing (Duncan \& Ole)
193  \item Integrated damage modelling (Duncan)
194  \begin{itemize}
195    \item Calculation of inundation extent. Determine "wet" cells and
196    create the "extent$\_$polygon".
197        This polygon could then be used in damage modelling (rather than
198getting the building information
199        from the NBED and the GIS team to determine the set of those buildings
200which suffer inundation).
201        Script determine which buildings in extent by
202        inside$\_$polygon(building$\_$i,extent$\_$polygon) == True.
203   \end{itemize}
204  \item Streamlined end-to-end process including production management of files (Nick + Hamish, Neil, Ole, Jane, Duncan)
205  In addition to Nick's automatic log of scripts generating the data, also log username and ANUGA version if possible.
206  to be incorporated in final report as ANUGA metadata statement. Also see Production Processes.doc for tasks and activities
207  of each group.
209  \item Map2PDF vs ArcReader (Neil, Lisa)
210  \item Easy interface to building regions of variable resolution (Duncan)
211  \item Cairns demo (Jane, Ole)
212  \item Deploy parallel version (Ole, Nick)
213  \item Userguide, technical documentation and installation process (Everyone)
214  \item OSS License (Ole)
215  \item Visualisation (Nick, Ole)
216  \begin{itemize}
217    \item Hand crafted using Houdini
218    \item Take Swollen-viewer further, e.g.\ by colour coding quantities or applying contour plots
219    \item ANU work on new visualisation techniques
220  \end{itemize}
221  \item Automatic coastline buffering - Nick/Neil - completed Nov 2006.
222    \item Improve memory efficiency of mesh generator.
223    \item Investigate applying data points in a block fashion for fitting to the mesh.
225It is the hope that most of these priorities will be adressed before 30 June 2006.
228\section*{Roles and responsibilities}
231This is a first cut only. Please comment!
234\subsection*{Inundation modelling team (IMP)}
236  \item \textbf{Duncan}: Take responsibility for the code development
237  and maintenance. Represent the inundation modelling project in the
238  corporate IM context. Other responsibilities include
239  \begin{itemize}
240  \item IM
241  \item TRIM
242  \end{itemize}
243  Take responsibility for one or more research projects, and contribute to production on a needs basis. 
244  % Suggested work
245  % Production of one FESA study
246  % Boundary condition URS2SWW
247  % Damage modelling
248  \item \textbf{Jane}: Coordinate FESA production project, take responsibility for one or
249  more research projects and contribute to production and code development on a needs basis. In the longer term, maintenance of other stakeholder relationships (?).
250  \item \textbf{Nick}: Take responsibility for the production stream, develop visualisation techniques,
251  and contribute to code development on a needs basis. Other responsibilities include
252  \begin{itemize}
253  \item TRIM
254  \end{itemize}
255  \item \textbf{Ole}: Coordinate the inundation modelling project.
256  Manage the balance and requirements between the research, development and production stream.
257  Take responsibility for the code development and maintenance as well as one or more research projects.
258  Contribute to production on a needs basis. Other responsibilities include
259  \begin{itemize}
260  \item Programmers User Group and High Performance Computing issues.
261  \end{itemize} 
265\subsection*{Digital Elevation Modelling Team (DEM)}
267  \item \textbf{Hamish Anderson}: Coordinate collection and supply of
268  topographic and bathymetric data.   
269  \item \textbf{Alex von Brandenstein}: Verify and deliver all data,
270  including metadata.
271  \item \textbf{Mike Sexton}: Bathymetric data specialist.       
272  \item \textbf{Kristy van Putten}: Bathymetric data specialist.     
275\subsection*{Earthquake and Tsunami Hazards (ETH)}
277  \item \textbf{David Burbidge}: Link to URS data; developing probabilistic hazard map
278  \item \textbf{Phil Cummins}: Team leader
281\subsection*{GIS team}
283  \item \textbf{Neil Corby}: Coordinate development of GIS decision tool.
284    Assist with collection and supply of topographic data. 
285  \item \textbf{Ingo Hartig}: Development of GIS decision tool.
286    Assist with collection, supply and validation of topographic data.   
287    Assist IMP with genaral GIS visualisation. 
288  \item \textbf{Lisa Cornish}: Arcview exposure database with Neil
294  \centerline{ \includegraphics[width=75mm, height=75mm]{information_flow.eps}}
297\caption{Diagram showing information flow among the teams comprising the FESA project.}
298\label{fig:information flow}
302\subsection*{Other stakeholders}
304  \item \textbf{Stephen Roberts (ANU)}: Contribute to research and further development of
305  ANUGA.   
306  \item \textbf{Linda Stals (ANU)}: Develop parallel version of ANUGA.     
307  \item \textbf{Adrian Hitchman and Monica Osuchowski}: Provide input to submarine landslide research.
308  \item \textbf{Trevor Dhu}: Develop new engagements with external
309  stakeholders such as state governments. Assist with development of probabilistic modelling.
310  \item Others?
315\subsection*{Potential contacts}
318  \item Lex Nielsen from SMEC in order to explore
319    how they can get involved
320  \item Lutz Grosz from ACcESS
321  \item Tom Baldock UQ
322  \item Tariq Rahiman (, (Suva scenario)
323  \item Allen L. Clark PDC (
324  \item Roy Walters, NIWA (tsunami modelling)
325  \item Russell Blong, Benfield (landslide modelling)
326  \item Ray Steedman, WA oceanography (By way of Norm Schramm)
327  \item Rosh Ranasinghe (DPNR)
328  \item Suresh Kumar (ACFR)
329  \item John Lang (WA). Cellular Automata modelling of tsunami + gas/oil engineer
330  \item Saman Samarawickrama
336The allocation to the different streams from the core inundation modelling team in terms of
3374 full time equivalents (FTE) are
340\item \textbf{Production}: 1.25 FTE  (Mainly Nick)
341\item \textbf{Research}: 1 FTE
342\item \textbf{Code development and maintenance}: 1 FTE
343\item \textbf{Management}: 0.75 FTE (0.5 WA-FESA Project coordination, 0.25 TEAM)
347\chapter{Personnel availability}
350  \item \textbf{Duncan}: 4 days/week
351  \item \textbf{Jane}:
352  \item \textbf{Nick}:
353  \item \textbf{Ole}: Leave for six weeks around Feb/March 2007.
354    Jane to be acting team leader with Duncan responsible for
355    software and maintenance issues.
360\chapter{Detailed planning}
362Needs updating
364\section{Validation of ANUGA}
366\subsection{Laboratory Data}
36725 July 2005: Benchmark data from wave tank experiments
368were deemed suitable for
369initial validation exercises and we should proceed with these
370immediately using the existing acquired datasets.  In addition, data
371from vertical wall run-ups will be relevant.  Andrew's letter to key
372players regarding other existing laboratory datasets is deemed
373extremely valuable and should go ahead.
374This has now completed in the form of the Okushiri island validation
3767 April 2006: Next exercise along these lines seems to be wavetank
377data from UQ as conducted by Tom Baldock et al. These experiments
378include friction. Duncan will visit Tom in May and possibly conduct a
379validation project depending on his findings.
383\subsection{Historical Data}
384Andrew McPherson has contacted relevant organisations regarding sources and
385availability of existing post-tsunami field survey data.  We agreed
386that a scenario from e.g. Banda Aceh or Thailand (Phuket)
387demonstrating the detailed effect of bathymetric variations would be
388an ideal study and could form the basis of a scientific paper. Matt is
389considering whether this would fit into his research priorities.
391Promising leads are
393  \item Suva data (Tariq)
394  \item Boxing day event conducted by the Grilli and Asavanant (Stephen Roberts). This has been flagged as a \$15K ANU project in FY 6/7
395  \item The Connection to Sri Lanka (John Schneider)
400Validation against analytical solutions is well under way and
401is considered an integral component of the validation process.
402The same is true for the Lake Merimbula tidal validation project.
403Stephen, John Jakeman and Chris are looking after these.
408\section{Potential joint PhD projects (GA and ANU)}
409Ole to investigate if GA would fund a PhD student: Project could be
410"Algorithms for augmentation of unstructured grids" or "Algorithms for
411unification of geodesic systems in unstructured grids" the latter
412capturing the notion of being able to model the synoptic, deep water
413wave propagation in latitudes and longitudes with a seemless connection
414to detailed modelling using UTM projections.
415A PhD scholarship is worth about \$20K per annum.
4177 April 2006: We are putting \$10K in the 06-07 budget.
419\section{Other projects}
420LADS (laser airborne depth sounder) data is available from the Hydrographer's Officer
421for the Great Barrier Reef. A project investigating whether or not a tsunami wave
422is attentuated by the reef would be a real benefit to the ATWS (to inform whether
423North Queensland is vulnerable).
425\section{Long term aim}
427We agreed that having a detailed, reproducible and validated
428inundation scenario from the Boxing Day Tsunami running in parallel
429(and being faster than the sequential code) would be a worthwhile goal.   
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