source: documentation/planning/priorities.tex @ 3482

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Added priorities from FESA meeting July 2006

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1%FIXME: Take stuff from future_directions.txt and wiki
6\title{AnuGA Inundation Modelling Project - Planning and Priorities - Draft}
7\author{Ole Nielsen, Duncan Gray, Jane Sexton, Nick Bartzis,\\ Trevor Dhu, Neil Corby, Stephen Roberts, ...}
10\date{\today}             % update before release!
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26The ANUGA inundation modelling project is a collaborative effort between
27 Geoscience Australia (GA) and the Australian National University
28 (ANU). GA is largely responsible for the software development,
29 applications to scenario and risk modelling projects as well as
30 contributions to the Australian National Research Priorities. 
31 ANU is mainly responsible for the mathematical and numerical modelling approach and the continued development of the model.
34 This
35 document outlines the agreed priorities for the inundation modelling
36 project predominantly seen from the GA perspective, but including the ANU where appropriate.
37 Priorities are organised into three separate streams focusing at the following objectives:
38 \begin{enumerate} 
39   \item Deliverables of specific case studies. These are typically
40   tasks that are requested by GA's clients.
41   \item Research topics that have emerged and would advance the
42   understanding of the science of hydrodynamic inundation
43   \item Development and maintenance issues that are necessary for the
44   continued health of the software itself.
46where the first is primarily resourced by Jane Sexton and Nick Bartzis, the second by Stephen Roberts and Ole Nielsen, while the third is the responsibility of Ole Nielsen and Duncan Gray. Significant overlaps are expected and names assigned to tasks are tentative only.
48Overarching these three streams is a fourth stream, management, which covers coordination of the FESA project and management of the inundation modelling team.
50\section*{Specific case studies (production)}
54The list in order of importance but subject to availability of
55topographic data and URS/MOST input is
58  \item Onslow, WA - end of June 06. This study mainly supports the
59    FESA funded WA study, but has synergies with projects in other
60    lists as well (Nick)
61  \item Complete Sydney (Benfield) project (Jane). Refinements have
62    included addressing water loss through the form of the surface
63    elevation function, boundary conditions, friction creep and issues
64    with ill-conditioned system as a result of a complex internal
65    polygon. Whilst a protection has been put in place for friction
66    creep, the issue is still outstanding. Final results will be
67    delivered to Benfield by Fri 28 April noting the friction issue
68    is still outstanding.  This project has synergies with the ANUGA
69    Demo initiative (Everyone)
70  \item Port Hedland - end of June 06. Also part of the WA project. (Nick)
71  \item Broome
72  \item Perth
73  \item Busselton
74  \item Shark Bay using survey from 17th July 2006.
75  \item Xmas & Cocos islands tide gauge validation.
76  \item Rerun Wollongong with slump (pending better defition of slump sizes) (Nick, Adrian), 2-3 weeks
77  \item NSW state study  (deferred until 2007 - Matt)
78  \item SE Qld study
79  \item Hobart (2007). Trevor Dhu has arranged for TAFI to provide bathymetric data to a 50m contour plus a 25m DEM. Apparently, even better DEM data is available.
80  \item Other study areas may be identified when the national hazard map has been completed (expected
81within the next 12 months) and consultation has occurred with stakeholders.
83Given that the production line is in a start-up phase and the needs
84outlined in the research and development streams, only priority 1 to 3
85are guaranteed to complete before 30 June 2006. However, once
86streamlined, we expect a production rate of about one scenario per
87month (subject to availability of computational resources and data).
88A number of these studies may not be conducted by the team, however,
89our assistance will certainly be required.
93\section*{Research topics}
95The list is
98  \item Sensitivity study using Onslow project (Nick, Jane, Ole)
99  The sensitivity to mesh resolution to be investigated. There are two aspects:
100  \begin{enumerate}
101    \item Resolution of triangles containing individual gauges. ANUGA
102    keeps track of the volume of water under each triangle. Pointwise
103    measurements away from triangle centroids may deviate
104    significantly from the true values due to the linear
105    reconstruction of triangle near steep bedslopes. One study would
106    provide an error estimate of the pointwise readings as a function
107    of resolution and slope.
108    \item How does resolution affect propagation of tsunami waves. One
109    could fix the resolution near gauges at selected points near and
110    on shore and vary resolution of bathymetry affecting the
111    approaching waves. Results reported as deviation at gauges as
112    function of bathymetric resolution upstream.
113  \end{enumerate}     
114  \begin{itemize}
115    \item Nick to do the runs 
116    \item Team to help setup the study and write document
117  \end{itemize}   
119  \item Validation:
120  \begin{itemize}
121    \item Onslow tide gauges (Ole with David Burbidge)
122      \begin{itemize}
123      \item Ole to get data and terms of reference
124      \item Nick to do the runs 
125      \item Team to help setup the study and write document   
126    \end{itemize} 
127    \item Boxing day event (ANU contract 2006/2007 with Asavanant and Grilli)
128    \item Friction validation (Duncan with Tom Baldock UQ)
129    Duncan to get a sense of scope on this by June 2006.
130    Work to be done in 2006/2007.
131    \item PDC (Ole)
132    Ole to visit Pacifit Disaster Center in 6/7
133    \item 1953 Suva data from Tariq (someone)
134    Date is available. Ole to arrange for unpacking with GIS and scope project.
135    Could form a graduate project.
136    \item Comparison to tsunami study in NZ where Mike 21 is used for inundation. Contact: Rick Liefting, Coastal Scientist, Tonkin and Taylor Limited,, Hamilton. Email:   
137  \end{itemize} 
138  \item Comparison of MOST and ANUGA over a stretch of deep water. Also, where to pick up boundary condition (Nick).
139  \item Momentum sink study (Duncan with Nick Dando)
140  Report and talk by end of June 2006. Paper later.
141  \item Submarine landslide modelling paper with Dr Mueller or Russell Blong (Ask him), Sydney (Jane, Ole, Adrian/Monica, Matt).
142        Perhaps use Wollongong as the study area. 
143  \item Probabilistic integration with URS model, pending URS data (Ole, Trevor). Duncan to write urs2sww for boundary conditions. Ole to ask PDC. 
144  \item Effect of the GBR based on new LADS data (which we need to get from Phil O'brien).
145        This could become a graduate program, an ANU contract or a job for an ANU summer scholar
146        (see graduate\_proposal\_GBR.doc).
147  \item Comparing calculated run-up height with Synolakis' approximation
148        ($R = A^\frac{4}{5} h^ \frac{1}{5}$ where $A$ is the amplitude at some offshore location
149         and $h$ is the depth at the same offshore location). Calculate the maximum elevation
150         at which there is water. Need to confirm definition of run-up height.
151  \item Incorporate asteroid model (parabolic cavity) as an initial condition into ANUGA.
152        Compare calculated extent with the approximation of
153        run-in (or maximum extent) from Chesley and Ward 2006 where the run-in distance is approximated
154        by $X \approx 10 \sqrt{g R} D^\frac{3}{8}$ where $R$ is the run-up height and $D$ is the
155        asteroid diameter. Allows another event to be added to the overall
156        tsunami risk assessment. This could become a graduate or student project (see graduate\_proposal\_asteroid.doc).
157  \item Investigate the topographic effect on water flow and the impact on hydrological hazard (as part of the CRA
158        with NSW DNR and SES in contributing to the vulnerability assessment). This could become a graduate
159        or student project (see graduate\_proposal\_topography.doc).
161  \item Scenario database (future); this could complement the ATWS
162    operational centre. (how often would it need to be updated, i.e how
163    long will the results remain valid?  eg, effect of sediment transport
164    affecting local bathymetry, change in sea levels due to climate
165    change). This is a product for the ATWS, states and EMA. AGO may need
166    scenarios under climate change scenarios.
167  \item Automatic definition of mesh-resolution based on data (e.g. depth or gradients). Perhaps use wavelet transforms. Stephen has a link to a researcher at Imperial College, London.
168  \item Investigate behaviour near steep and shallow bathymetries, where artifitial fluxes may be generated. Now evolved into 'friction creep'.
169    Stephen to look into that with input from Ole.
170  \item Effect of debris on flow and damage (Under way at JCU - shawn)
171  \item Write ANUGA in term of latitudes and longitudes
172  \item Incorporate coriolis effect for large study areas
173  \item Revive storm surge model (Rosh DNR)
174  \item Riverine flooding (Rosh DNR)
175  \item Collaboration with Hans Peter ?? (Stephen Roberts)
176  \item Solution uncertainty (interaction with Hugh Durrant-Whyte and
177  Suresh Kumar from USyd)
179No more than priority 1-4 are expected to complete before 30 June 2006.
182\section*{Development and maintenance issues.}
184The list is
187  \item Bug fixing (see tickets in TRAC) - ongoing (Duncan \& Ole)
188  \item Integrated damage modelling (Duncan)
189  \begin{itemize}
190    \item Calculation of inundation extent. Determine "wet" cells and
191    create the "extent$\_$polygon".
192        This polygon could then be used in damage modelling (rather than
193getting the building information
194        from the NBED and the GIS team to determine the set of those buildings
195which suffer inundation).
196        Script determine which buildings in extent by
197        inside$\_$polygon(building$\_$i,extent$\_$polygon) == True.
198   \end{itemize}
199  \item Streamlined end-to-end process including production management of files (Nick + Hamish, Neil, Ole, Jane, Duncan)
200  In addition to Nick's automatic log of scripts generating the data, also log username and ANUGA version if possible.
202  \item Map2PDF vs ArcReader (Neil, Lisa)
203  \item Easy interface to building regions of variable resolution (Duncan)
204  \item Sydney demo (Jane, Duncan, Ole) - Ask
205  \item Deploy parallel version (Ole, Nick)
206  \item Userguide, technical documentation and installation process (Everyone)
207  \item OSS License (Ole)
208  \item Visualisation (Nick, Ole)
209  \begin{itemize}
210    \item Hand crafted using Houdini
211    \item Take Swollen-viewer further, e.g.\ by colour coding quantitios or applying contour plots
212    \item ANU work on new visualisation techniques
213  \end{itemize}
214  \item Automatic coastline buffering.
215    \item Improve memory efficiency of mesh generator.
217It is the hope that most of these priorities will be adressed before 30 June 2006.
220\section*{Roles and responsibilities}
223This is a first cut only. Please comment!
226\subsection*{Inundation modelling team (IMP)}
228  \item \textbf{Duncan}: Take responsibility for the code development
229  and maintenance. Represent the inundation modelling project in the
230  corporate IM context. Other responsibilities include
231  \begin{itemize}
232  \item IM
233  \item TRIM
234  \end{itemize}
235  Take responsibility for one or more research projects, and contribute to production on a needs basis. 
236  % Suggested work
237  % Production of one FESA study
238  % Boundary condition URS2SWW
239  % Damage modelling
240  \item \textbf{Jane}: Coordinate FESA production project, take responsibility for one or
241  more research projects and contribute to production and code development on a needs basis. In the longer term, maintenance of other stakeholder relationships (?).
242  \item \textbf{Nick}: Take responsibility for the production stream, develop visualisation techniques,
243  and contribute to code development on a needs basis. Other responsibilities include
244  \begin{itemize}
245  \item TRIM
246  \end{itemize}
247  \item \textbf{Ole}: Coordinate the inundation modelling project.
248  Manage the balance and requirements between the research, development and production stream.
249  Take responsibility for the code development and maintenance as well as one or more research projects.
250  Contribute to production on a needs basis. Other responsibilities include
251  \begin{itemize}
252  \item Programmers User Group and High Performance Computing issues.
253  \end{itemize} 
257\subsection*{Digital Elevation Modelling Team (DEM)}
259  \item \textbf{Hamish Anderson}: Coordinate collection and supply of
260  topographic and bathymetric data.   
261  \item \textbf{Mike Sexton}: Bathymetric data specialist.       
262  \item \textbf{Kathryn Tobyn}: Bathymetric data specialist.     
265\subsection*{Earthquake and Tsunami Hazards (ETH)}
267  \item \textbf{David Burbidge}: Link to URS data; developing probabilistic hazard map
268  \item \textbf{Phil Cummins}: Team leader
271\subsection*{GIS team}
273  \item \textbf{Neil Corby}: Coordinate development of GIS decision tool.
274    Assist with collection and supply of topographic data. 
275  \item \textbf{Ingo Hartig}: Development of GIS decision tool.
276    Assist with collection, supply and validation of topographic data.   
277    Assist IMP with genaral GIS visualisation. 
278  \item \textbf{Lisa Cornish}: Arcview exposure database with Neil
284  \centerline{ \includegraphics[width=75mm, height=75mm]{information_flow.eps}}
287\caption{Diagram showing information flow among the teams comprising the FESA project.}
288\label{fig:information flow}
292\subsection*{Other stakeholders}
294  \item \textbf{Stephen Roberts (ANU)}: Contribute to research and further development of
295  ANUGA.   
296  \item \textbf{Linda Stals (ANU)}: Develop parallel version of ANUGA.     
297  \item \textbf{Adrian Hitchman and Monica Osuchowski}: Provide input to submarine landslide research.
298  \item \textbf{Trevor Dhu}: Develop new engagements with external
299  stakeholders such as state governments. Assist with development of probabilistic modelling.
300  \item Others?
305\subsection*{Potential contacts}
308  \item Lex Nielsen from SMEC in order to explore
309    how they can get involved
310  \item Lutz Grosz from ACcESS
311  \item Tom Baldock UQ
312  \item Tariq Rahiman (, (Suva scenario)
313  \item Allen L. Clark PDC (
314  \item Roy Walters, NIWA (tsunami modelling)
315  \item Russell Blong, Benfield (landslide modelling)
316  \item Ray Steedman, WA oceanography (By way of Norm Schramm)
317  \item Rosh Ranasinghe (DPNR)
318  \item Suresh Kumar (ACFR)
324The allocation to the different streams from the core inundation modelling team in terms of
3254 full time equivalents (FTE) are
328\item \textbf{Production}: 1.25 FTE  (Mainly Nick)
329\item \textbf{Research}: 1 FTE
330\item \textbf{Code development and maintenance}: 1 FTE
331\item \textbf{Management}: 0.75 FTE (0.5 WA-FESA Project coordination, 0.25 TEAM)
335\chapter{Personnel availability}
338  \item \textbf{Duncan}: 4 days/week
339  \item \textbf{Jane}: Three weeks leave in the period 15 June 2006 to 15 July 2006
340    Ole to cover Jane's commitments.
341  \item \textbf{Nick}: Leave from 21 August 2006 to 13 October 2006
342    Duncan to cover off on the production line.
343  \item \textbf{Ole}: Leave for six weeks around August or September.
344    Jane to be acting team leader with Duncan responsible for
345    software and maintenance issues.
350\chapter{Detailed planning}
352Needs updating
354\section{Validation of ANUGA}
356\subsection{Laboratory Data}
35725 July 2005: Benchmark data from wave tank experiments
358were deemed suitable for
359initial validation exercises and we should proceed with these
360immediately using the existing acquired datasets.  In addition, data
361from vertical wall run-ups will be relevant.  Andrew's letter to key
362players regarding other existing laboratory datasets is deemed
363extremely valuable and should go ahead.
364This has now completed in the form of the Okushiri island validation
3667 April 2006: Next exercise along these lines seems to be wavetank
367data from UQ as conducted by Tom Baldock et al. These experiments
368include friction. Duncan will visit Tom in May and possibly conduct a
369validation project depending on his findings.
373\subsection{Historical Data}
374Andrew McPherson has contacted relevant organisations regarding sources and
375availability of existing post-tsunami field survey data.  We agreed
376that a scenario from e.g. Banda Aceh or Thailand (Phuket)
377demonstrating the detailed effect of bathymetric variations would be
378an ideal study and could form the basis of a scientific paper. Matt is
379considering whether this would fit into his research priorities.
381Promising leads are
383  \item Suva data (Tariq)
384  \item Boxing day event conducted by the Grilli and Asavanant (Stephen Roberts). This has been flagged as a \$15K ANU project in FY 6/7
385  \item The Connection to Sri Lanka (John Schneider)
390Validation against analytical solutions is well under way and
391is considered an integral component of the validation process.
392The same is true for the Lake Merimbula tidal validation project.
393Stephen, John Jakeman and Chris are looking after these.
398\section{Potential joint PhD projects (GA and ANU)}
399Ole to investigate if GA would fund a PhD student: Project could be
400"Algorithms for augmentation of unstructured grids" or "Algorithms for
401unification of geodesic systems in unstructured grids" the latter
402capturing the notion of being able to model the synoptic, deep water
403wave propagation in latitudes and longitudes with a seemless connection
404to detailed modelling using UTM projections.
405A PhD scholarship is worth about \$20K per annum.
4077 April 2006: We are putting \$10K in the 06-07 budget.
409\section{Other projects}
410LADS (laser airborne depth sounder) data is available from the Hydrographer's Officer
411for the Great Barrier Reef. A project investigating whether or not a tsunami wave
412is attentuated by the reef would be a real benefit to the ATWS (to inform whether
413North Queensland is vulnerable).
415\section{Long term aim}
417We agreed that having a detailed, reproducible and validated
418inundation scenario from the Boxing Day Tsunami running in parallel
419(and being faster than the sequential code) would be a worthwhile goal.   
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